The Institut de France – with its five Academies encompassing all the disciplines of knowledge and the arts – resolutely pursues the mission assigned to it by the young Republic in 1795 : “Contribute on a non-profit basis to the improvement and influence of letters, the sciences and the arts. To bestow prizes for useful inventions and discoveries, distinguished successes in the arts, great deeds and the continual practice of personal and social virtues.”
It is a parliament of the learned world, bringing together nearly 500 academicians, associate members, and foreign correspondents. It is also one of the nation’s largest patrons of research, philanthropy, and the arts, distributing nearly 25 million euros each year, through its foundations.
Important dates in the history of the Academies and the Institut de France.
Founding of the Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture (Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture), Académie Royale de Musique (Royal Academy of Music) and Académie Royale de d’Architecture (Royal Academy of Architecture). .
Creation of the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres (Academy of Literature and the Humanities)
Introduction of the custom of wearing the “habit vert” by members of the Institute by consular Edict
The members of the Institute, left the Louvre after it was transformed into a Museum, and settled at the Collège des Quatre-Nations
The section devoted to Art History and Theory became known as the “independent members” by decree of Louis XVIII
Creation of the title of Chancellor. The first person to receive this title was François Albert-Buisson (1881-1961), who began his role on January 27th, 1953